Although the International Road Federation (IRF) has not conducted its own investigation, the
IRF has reviewed and now endorses the concept detailed in the attached paper. This position is
based upon extensive supporting documentation regarding the inadvisability of any training
programs that teach drivers how to respond in emergency situations, including research by Elvik,
et al (2009), Gregersen (1996), and Mayhew and Simpson (2002). The resolution is contained
Training programs aimed at enhancing the skills to regain control in emergency situations
should not be included in basic driver education nor in post-test driver training programs.
The learned skills from such training programs erode quickly, and the noted training
programs result in more risk taking due to driver overconfidence. Basic driver education
and post-test driver training should be aimed at improving the calibration skills of both
learner drivers and novice drivers. Well-calibrated drivers can detect latent hazards in
traffic situations, do not underestimate the likelihood that these hazards will cause adverse
effects (i.e. they are aware of the risks), and do not overestimate their own skills (i.e. they are
aware of their own limitations).